To give an overview, Diabetes or scientifically known as diabetes mellitus is a cluster of metabolic diseases which results when he person has a high blood sugar. Having high blood sugar may cause symptoms like increased hunger and thirst, frequently urinating and unexpected weight loss. The three different types of diabetes are: Type 1 DM, Type 2 DM and the Gestational Diabetes. Diabetes type 1 happens when the Immune system of the body destroys the cells responsible for insulin production in the pancreas. Insulin’s role in the body is important because it distributes the sugar, along with other nutrients to the body. Therefore, having type 1 diabetes means that the insulin production in your body is now abnormal which results to high blood sugar levels. Type 2 Diabetes occurs when there is insulin resistance, which means that pancreas in the body is still producing insulin but either it doesn’t make enough of it or the cells fail to use the insulin properly. This is the most common type of diabetes, which impacts adults. It is believed that type 2 Diabetes is mainly caused by the broken insulin receptor of the body cells. The third form or Gestational diabetes occurs among pregnant women. It is marked by both inadequate production of insulin in the body and failure to utilize the remaining insulin, which happens during pregnancy but eventually disappears during childbirth. The main symptoms of Diabetes are mentioned earlier, as caused by the high blood sugar. Some people may also experience diabetic ketoacidosis characterized by nausea, abdominal pain, slight unconsciousness and heavy breathing.
Diabetes itself only causes significantly small harm to the person, but the complications it brings are lifelong and dangerous. Diabetes may damage one’s kidneys or eyes when untreated and may potentially cause early death. It can also damage one’s skin and cause numbness, pain in the muscle areas. In 2011, it is measured that Diabetes had been the eight leading cause of death, estimating about 1.41 million worldwide.
As of today, here are considered to be the treatment of Diabetes:
For the Diabetes Type 1, it requires keeping the blood sugar levels in a standard range, which include:
- Taking insulin injections everyday
- Monitoring blood sugar levels
- Eating a balanced healthy diet and regular exercise
- Not drinking and smoking
- Weight loss surgery
- Non-insulin injectables
- Natural remedies
- Oral medications
- Maintain a normal body weight. Occasionally check your weight in order to monitor changes which may be potentially causes of diabetes.
- Physical exercise. Regular work out of the body helps build up a strong immune system and avoids risk of diseases
- Eat a well-balanced diet.
- If your family has a long history of Diabetes, You can undergo tests to be ready and aware of the risks of the disease you might inherit.